Physical activity is defined as any body movement that significantly increases energy expenditure, even dog walking, gardening and house cleaning are included. On recovering from any illness, appropriate exercises should be done to promote full recovery, and exercise is part and partial of physical activity: it should be planned, regular and systematic to improve different segments of the body. Physical fitness itself encompasses different elements such as endurance, flexibility, and balance. Your baseline physique will determine the training that most suits you. Ultimately it will boost your ability in performing daily activities. These are some of the proven benefits of exercise for patients3,4,5,6,7:
- Increase exercise capacity and reduce angina
- Improve cholesterol levels
- Lower blood pressure
- Improve blood sugar level/control
- Reduce anxiety and depression
- Increase ability to perform daily activities
- Enhance confidence and physical well-being
- Improve ability for work and leisure activities
- Reduce the number of visits to the doctor and hospital
- Reduce dependence on cardiac medications
- Improve coping after a heart attack or surgery
3. Ades PA. Cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. N Engl J Med. 2001; 345: 892–902
4. Wenger N, Froelicher E, Smith L, et al. Cardiac rehabilitation as secondary prevention. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Clin Pract Guidel. Quick Ref. Guide Clin. 1995; Oct(17): 1–23.
5. Dalal H, Evans PH, Campbell JL. Recent developments in secondary prevention and cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. BMJ. 2004; 328: 693–7. 33
6. LaBresh KA, Ellrodt AG, Gliklich R, et al. Get with the guidelines for cardiovascular secondary prevention: pilot results. Arch Intern Med. 2004; 164: 203–9.
7. Taylor RS, Brown A, Ebrahim S, et al. Exercise-based rehabilitation for patients with coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Med. 2004; 116: 682–92.